Generic Name: Ciprofloxacin Brand: Bactiprox, Baquinor Eye Drops Baqu, Baquinor / Baquinor Forte, Bestypro, Cifloxan, Ciprec 500, Ciprobiotic, Ciprofloxacin Ikapharmindo, Ciprofloxacin Phapros, Coroflox, Floxid, Lapifloxoxin, Qifloxoxin, Qifloxoxin, Quinx, Quinx / Quinobiotic IV, Renator, Rindoflox, Siflox, Simflox-500, Tequinol 500, Viflox, Vioquin, Volinol, Wiaflox, Zeniflox 250 / Zeniflox 500, Alcon Cilox, Bernoflox, Cetafloxo, Ciflx, Vioquin, Volinol, Wiaflox, Zeniflox 250 / Zeniflox 500, Alcon Cilox, Bernoflox, Cetafloxo, Ciflx, Vioquin, Cipinloxacin, Ciprofloac Hexpharm J, Ciprofloxacin Hexpharm Jaya, Ciprofloxacin Indo Farma, Ciprofloxacin OGB Dexa, Ciprofloxacin Soho, Ciprolex, Ciproxin Ciproxin / Ciprox, Civell, Corsacin and ciprofloxacin-drug-antibiotics.
What is Ciprofloxacin for?
Ciprofloxacin is a medicine for curing various bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to the class of quinolone antibiotic drugs. This drug works by stopping bacterial growth. Antibiotics will not work to cure viral infections (such as colds, flu). Any unnecessary or excessive use of antibiotics can reduce their effectiveness.
How to use Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin must be used according to the conditions stated in the pamphlet for instructions on how to use the drug. Read the medication instructions and, if available, patient information leaflets provided by the pharmacist before you start using ciprofloxacin and each time you get a refill. If you have questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine may be taken before or after meals according to doctor's directions, usually twice a day in the morning and evening.
Shake the container well for 15 seconds before pouring each dose. Measure the dose carefully using a special measuring device / spoon. Don't use a house spoon because you might not get the right dose. Don't chew the contents of the suspension. Do not use a suspension with a feeding tube because it can clog the tube. The dosage and duration of treatment are based on medical conditions and response to treatment. Drink plenty of fluids when using drugs if the doctor does not say otherwise.
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that is used for at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after using other products, which reduce the effectiveness of the drug. Ask the pharmacist about other products that you use. For example: quinaprl, sucralfate, vitamins / minerals (including iron and zinc supplements), and products containing magnesium, aluminum, or calcium (such as antacids, didanosine solutions, calcium supplements).
Calcium-rich foods, including milk products (milk, yogurt) or calcium-fortified juices, can also reduce the effects of drugs. Use this medicine at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after eating calcium-rich foods, unless you consume these foods as part of a menu that is not too high in calcium. These foods reduce the effects of calcium binding. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about how to safely take supplements or substitute nutrients with this drug.
Antibiotics are most effective when the amount of drugs in the body is maintained at a consistent level. So, take this medicine at the appropriate time period.
Continue using this medicine until it wears off, even though the symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping treatment too early may allow the bacteria to keep growing, resulting in a recurrence of infection. Tell your doctor if your condition does not go away or worsens.
How is Ciprofloxacin storage?
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that must be stored at room temperature, away from direct light and a damp place. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.
What is the dosage of Ciprofloxacin for adults?
Ciprofloxacin dose for anthrax prophylaxis
Prophylaxis after exposure to Bacillus anthracis exposure through breathing:
- By infusion: use as much as 400 mg IV every 12 hours
- By mouth: use 500 mg by mouth every 12 hours
Treatment should start as soon as possible after the doctor suspects or confirms the exposure. The total duration of therapy (a combination of infusion and oral) is 60 days.
Ciprofloxacin dose for bacteremia
Secondary bacteremia associated with urinary tract infections due to Escerichia coli: 400 mg by infusion or V: use every 12 hours Therapy must continue for 7-14 days, depending on the nature and severity of the infection.
Ciprofloxacin dose for bronchitis
Mild to moderate bronchitis is treated with this drug by infusion of 400 mg IV every 12 hours. It could also take 500 mg of oral medication every 12 hours.
What is the dose of Ciprofloxacin for children?
Ciprofloxacin dose for anthrax prophylaxis
Prophylaxis after exposure to Bacillus anthracis exposure through breathing:
- By infusion, use 10 mg / kg IV every 12 hours (maximum dose: 400 mg / dose)
- By mouth or taken as much as 15 mg / kg every 12 hours (maximum dose: 500 mg / dose)
Treatment should start as soon as possible after the doctor suspects or confirms the exposure. The total duration of therapy (combination of IV and oral) is 60 days.
Ciprofloxacin dose for bladder infections
Severe urinary tract infections due to E coli bacteria:
1-18 years old:
- By infusion: use 6-10 mg / kg / IV every 8 hours (maximum dose: 400 mg / dose)
- By mouth or taken as many as 10-20 mg / kg every 12 hours (maximum dose: 750 mg / dose)
The total duration of therapy (a combination of IV and oral) is 10-21 days. Ciprofloxacin is not the first choice because of the high level of allergic reaction.
In what dosage is ciprofloxacin available?
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that is available in 250 mg, 500 mg thin-coated tablet and liquid drugs at a dose of 5% (100 mL) or 10% (100mL)
What side effects can be experienced because of Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin serious side effects are:
- Dizziness, fainting, rapid or irregular heartbeat.
- Sudden joint pain, a crackling or erupting sound, bruising, swelling, pain, stiffness, or loss of ability to move at any joint.
- Watery or bloody diarrhea.
- Confusion, hallucination, depression, thinking or acting differently than usual.
- Headache, ringing in ears, dizziness, nausea, visual disturbances, back pain.
- Pale or yellowing skin, dark urine, fever, weakness.
- More rarely or absolutely no urination.
- Easy bruising or bleeding.
- Numbness, tingling, or unusual pain in any part of the body.
- Initial symptoms of rash, as light as anything.
- Severe allergic reactions - fever, sore throat, swelling of the face or tongue, burning eyes, sore skin, followed by a red or purple rash that spreads (especially to the face or upper body) and blisters and peeling skin.
Stop using ciprofloxacin and contact your doctor immediately if you experience serious side effects. Seek emergency help immediately if you experience signs of an allergic reaction such as itching, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Ciprofloxacin can also cause mild side effects, which may include:
- Nauseous vomit.
- Dizzy or sleepy.
- Blurred vision.
- Feeling nervous, anxious, or irritable.
- Sleep disturbance (insomnia or nightmares).
Not everyone experiences the following side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you experience concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Prevention & Warnings
What should be known before using Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that can cause certain conditions. In making the decision to use drugs, the risks of taking the drug must be weighed against its benefits. This is the decision of you and your doctor. For this drug, things to consider are:
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that can cause allergies. Tell your doctor if you have experienced an allergic reaction or unusual symptoms of this drug or other medicines. Also tell your healthcare professional if you have other types of allergies, such as food, coloring, preservatives, or animals. For over-the-counter medicines, read the label or medicine pack carefully.
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that is not yet known how many doses for children under the age of 18 Research on this drug so far has not shown specific pediatric problems that will limit the benefits of ciprofloxacin for children. However, because there are poisons in ciprofloxacin, these drugs must be used with caution, after other drugs are considered and proven ineffective. Liquid oral ciprofloxacin or tablets may be taken by children to prevent anthrax infection after possible exposure, and to treat serious kidney infections.
Ciprofloxacin is a drug whose exact dose is unknown in the elderly. There is no appropriate research that shows the problem will limit the benefits of ciprofloxacin for the elderly. However, patients are more prone to age-related kidney or heart disease, or have severe tendon injuries (including torn tendons), which might alert patients who are receiving ciprofloxacin.
Is Ciprofloxacin safe for pregnant and lactating women?
There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category C according to the Food and Drugs Association (FDA) in America.
- A = No risk
- B = No risk in several studies
- C = Maybe risky
- D = There is positive evidence of risk
- X = Contraindications
- N = Unknown
What medicines might interact with Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that can have interactions with other drugs. Although several types of drugs cannot be taken simultaneously, there are also cases where the drugs can be taken simultaneously if there is an interaction. In this case, the doctor may change the dose, or there may be a need for prevention. Notify health professionals if you take medicine with or without a prescription.
Using this drug in conjunction with other drugs is usually not recommended. The doctor may decide not to treat you with the medicines below or change some of the other medicines you use.
Can food or alcohol interact with Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is a drug that can cause side effects when eating certain types of food. Certain medicines cannot be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.
What health conditions can interact with Ciprofloxacin?
Other medical problems might affect the use of this drug. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have other medical problems, specifically:
- Bradycardia (slow heartbeat).
- Heart attack.
- Heart disease (such as heart failure).
- Heart rhythm is problematic (example: prolonged qt interval).
- Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood)
- Hypomagnesemia (magnesium deficiency in the blood)
- Liver disease.
- Convulsions (epilepsy)
- Stroke - use with caution. might worsen this condition.
- Brain disease (example: hardening of the arteries)
- Kidney illness
- Organ transplant (for example liver, kidney, or lungs)
- Tendon disorders (eg rheumatoid arthritis) - use caution. It might cause side effects that worsen the condition
- Myasthenia gravis (severe muscle weakness) - should not be used in patients with this condition.
What should I do in an emergency or overdose?
In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.
MIMS. Ciprofloxacin. 2016. http://mims.com/Indonesia/Home/GatewaySubscription/?generic=Ciprofloxacin Accessed January 9th, 2016
Oral ciprofloxacin https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-7748/ciprofloxacin-oral/details Accessed July 31, 2018.
Ciprofloxacin for infection https://patient.info/medicine/ciprofloxacin-for-infection-ciproxin Accessed July 31, 2018.
Ciprofloxacin https://www.medicinenet.com/ciprofloxacin/article.htm Accessed July 31, 2018.
Reviewed: August 13, 2018 | Last Edited: August 13, 2018