Generic Name: Cetirizine Brand: Betarhin, Capritazin, Cerini, Cetinal, Cetrol, Cetymin, Esculer, Estin, Falergi, Histrine, Intrizin, Lerzin, Ozen, Ritez / Ritez FT, Rybest, Ryvel, Ryzen, Simzen, Tinez, Yariz, Yariz, Yariz, Zenari, Zine, Cetirizine Hexpharm, Cetirizine OGB, Cetrixal, Histrine FT, Incidal-OD, Nichorizin FM Nichorizin, Rinocet, Risina, Rozine, Rydian, Ryzicor, Ryzo and cetirizine-are-drug-itching-allergic.
The function of the drug Cetirizine
What is Cetirizine used for?
Cetirizine is an antihistamine drug with a function to relieve allergic symptoms such as itching, watery eyes, runny nose, and itchy eyes / nose. This drug works by blocking certain natural substances (histamine) produced by the body during allergic reactions.
Cetirizine cannot prevent itching or prevent / treat serious allergic reactions (for example anaphylactics). So, if your doctor has prescribed epinephrine to treat allergic reactions, always carry an epinephrine syringe everywhere. Do not use cetirizine instead of epinephrine.
The dose of cetirizine and the side effects of cetirizine will be explained further below.
How to use Cetirizine?
If you treat allergies with drugs without a prescription, read all instructions on the product packaging before using this medicine. If you want to ask, consult the pharmacist. If the doctor has prescribed this medicine, take it as recommended, usually once every day.
If you drink chewable tablets, chew each tablet well and then swallow. If you take tablets that dissolve quickly, let them dissolve on the tongue and swallow, with or without water. If you take medicine in liquid form, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device / spoon. Don't use a house spoon because you might not be able to get the right dose. Dosage based on age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase the dosage or take medication yourself without a doctor's direction.
Tell your doctor that your allergic symptoms have not improved, the itching does not go away 3 days after treatment, or the itching lasts more than 6 weeks. Get immediate medical attention if your condition worsens or you might have serious health problems (for example, a very serious allergic reaction / anaphylaxis).
How is Cetirizine stored?
This drug is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.
What is the dose of Cetirizine for adults?
- To deal with allergies in adults, the dose of cetrizine is 10 mg once a day or 5 mg twice a day
- To overcome allergies in the elderly, the dose of the drug cetrizine is 5 mg once a day for the initial dose
What is the dose of Cetirizine for children?
- For children aged 6-23 months, the dose of cetrizine is 2.5 mg once a day. The maximum dose is 2.5 mg twice a day for ages 12 months and over
- For children aged 2-5 years, the dose of cetrizine is 5 mg once a day or 2.5 mg twice a day
- For children aged 6 years and over, the dose of cetrizine is 10 mg once a day or 5 mg twice a day
In what dosage is Cetirizine available?
Availability of forms and dosages of cetrizine drugs are:
- Tablets, oral: 10 mg
- Solution, oral: 5 mg / 5 ml, 2.5 mg / 5 ml
What side effects can be experienced due to Cetirizine?
The most common side effects of using cetrizine are:
- Dry mouth
- Sore throat
Not everyone experiences the following side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you experience concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Prevention & Warnings
What should be known before using Cetirizine?
Some things you should know before using cetrizine are:
- You should stop this treatment if you are allergic to cetirizine.
- Before using cetirizine, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions.
- Elderly people may require lower doses than normal doses. Follow the doctor's instructions.
- Tell your doctor if you use other drugs that make you sleepy (such as cold or other allergies), drugs, sleeping pills, drugs that relax muscles, and medications for seizures, depression, or anxiety.
- Cetrizine can cause side effects that might interfere with your mind or reaction. Be careful when you drive or do activities that require you to stay awake and alert.
- Avoid alcoholic drinks. This can increase the side effects of cetirizine.
Is Cetirizine safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women?
There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category B according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA)
The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:
- A = No risk
- B = No risk in several studies
- C = Maybe risky
- D = There is positive evidence of risk
- X = Contraindications
- N = Unknown
What medicines might interact with Cetirizine?
Although several types of drugs cannot be taken simultaneously, there are also cases where the drugs can be taken simultaneously if there is an interaction. In this case, the doctor may change the dose, or there may be a need for prevention. Notify health professionals if you take medicine with or without a prescription.
Can food or alcohol interact with Cetirizine?
Certain medicines cannot be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.
What health conditions can interact with Cetirizine?
Although several types of drugs cannot be taken simultaneously, there are also cases where the drugs can be taken simultaneously if there is an interaction. In this case, the doctor may change the dose, or there may be a need for prevention. Tell your healthcare professional if you take medicine with or without a prescription.
Using this drug in conjunction with other drugs is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both are prescribed simultaneously, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both drugs.
Using this medication in conjunction with other drugs might increase the risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs might be the best treatment for you. If both drugs are prescribed simultaneously, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both drugs.
What should I do in an emergency or overdose?
In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.
Drug Information Handbook. Page 396
Drugs.com. 2016. http://www.drugs.com/cetirizine-hcl.html Accessed January 9th, 2016
https://www.mims.com/indonesia/drug/info/cetirizine?mtype=generic accessed date March 2nd, 2018
http://pionas.pom.go.id/obat/cetirizine accessed date March 2nd, 2018
Reviewed Date: April 2, 2018 | Last Edited: April 2, 2018